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About Previous GSBB (Gujarat Biodiversity Board)
Government of Gujarat has established Gujarat Biodiversity Board (GBB) in the year 2006 vide its notification no. GVN/2006/8/WLP/2003/177/G1; dated: 11/05/2006 under section 22 of the Act. The Board is actively engaged in the formation of Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) at the level of the local bodies of the State. The board is headed by a Chairman, who is an eminent person having knowledge and experience in the sustainable management of Biodiversity. Presently Shri Aseem Srivastav, IFS, PCCF & Chairman in the rank of Principal Chief Conservator of Forests is working as the Chairman of the Board & Shri G. Ramana Murthy, IFS, CCF working as Member Secretary of the Board.
Biodiversity of Gujarat
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 has defined three types of Biodiversity namely: Ecosystem diversity, Species diversity and Genetic diversity. Gujarat is covering Ecosystem diversity like different Forests Ecosystems, Desert Ecosystems, Wetland Ecosystems, Coastal & Marine Ecosystems and Agro-ecosystems in different regions of Gujarat State. The species diversity includes flora & fauna in wild as well as cultivated plants and domestic animals breeds. The list of species of plants and animals found in wild in Gujarat state with the comparison of species found in India is given below:
|Living Organisms||No. of Species|
|Fish||606 (Marine – 487 + Freshwater – 119)||2,546|
|Grand Total (Plants+ Animals)||7,374||1,27,578|
Gujarat Biodiversity Board is presently concentrating on the following activities:
1) Constitution of Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) :
As per section 41 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002,the constitution of BMC in each and every local body is mandatory .The Board has started the constitution of BMCs at Gram Panchayat level & so far 329 BMCs have been constituted BMCs in 12districts.
2) Preparation of People’s Biodiversity Registers (PBRs):
As per section 41 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, after constitution of BMCs, the documentation of total Biodiversity & its related traditional Knowledge to be documented by the BMC in the form of People’s Biodiversity Register in their area of jurisdiction. The Board has initiated this working in more than 50 village Panchayats in different districts.
3) Organization of Awareness Camps :
To create awareness about the importance of Biodiversity, the provisions of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, the Biological Diversity Rules, 2004 and Gujarat Biological Diversity Rules, 2010, the process of constitution of BMCs, preparation of PBRs, rights & authority of the BMCs etc, a series of camps, workshops, meetings, discussions, and rallies are being organised by the Board.
4) Regulation of Biological Resources:
As per section 7, section 24 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, Rule 16(1) of Gujarat Biological Diversity Rules, 2010, the access & utilization of biological resources for research and commercial purposes by the different stakeholders are regulated by the Board. The necessary guidance is also provided to the stakeholders in this regard.
5) Identification of Rare & Threatened species:
As per section 38 of Biological Diversity Act, 2002, there is an urgent need to identify the species which are on the verge of extinction or likely to become extinct in the near future as threatened species. The Board is working on to identify such plant and animal species for their notification.
6) Identification of Biodiversity Heritage Site(BHS) :
As per section 37 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, the State Government in consultation with local body may notify the area of Biodiversity importance as Biodiversity Heritage Site for its further conservation & Management. One such site of Mangroves in South Gujarat, Jalalpur taluka of Navasari district has been identified and the process of its notification is under progress.
7) Implementation of UNEP-GEF Project:
National Biodiversity Authority, Chennai has sanctioned UNEP-GEF-MoEF Project on ”Strengthening the Implementation of Biological Diversity Act, & Rules with Focus on its Access & Benefit Sharing Provision” for five States namely Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim & West Bengal. The project has been launched in Gujarat State on 07/02/2011 which will be now implemented in Gujarat State.
8) Participation in CoP-11 meeting:
Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests is organizing 11th Conference of Parties (CoP-11) of Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) from 01 to 19 October, 2012 at Hyderabad. The Gujarat Biodiversity Board has been also participating and provided the literature, posters and brochures on unique Biodiversity of Gujarat namely Wetlands of Gujarat, the Rann of Gujarat, the Asiatic lion, Mangrove conservation, Whale Shark conservation, Indigenous Cow Breeds of Gujarat, Indigenous Buffalo Breeds of Gujarat, Indigenous Horse & Camel Breeds of Gujarat, Indigenous Gir Kesar Mango & Bhalia Wheat of Gujarat.
9) Radio Programme:
To reach out at the grass root level across the state, Radio programs “JavikVividhata Nu Jatan” of 20 minutes slot, twice a week on Monday and Thursday at 19:20 hrs at 846 KHZ were started during 2013-14 from Akashwani, Ahmedabad . Up to March 2016, total 214 episodes have been broadcasted covering the topics like, introduction to biodiversity; Biodiversity Act & Rules; Biodiversity Management Committees & People’s Biodiversity Register; Celebration of International Biological Diversity Day; Conservation of House Sparrow etc.
Biodiversity Management Committees (BMC)
Local bodies constitute Biodiversity Management Committee in accordance with Section 41, within their area of jurisdiction for the purpose of promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity including preservation of habitats, conservation of land races, folk varieties and cultivars, domesticated stocks and breeds of animals and micro-organisms and chronicling of knowledge relating to biological diversity.
Members of BMC:
Biodiversity Management Committee is constituted in accordance with Biological Diversity Rule, 22(1) of the Act. It consists of a Chairperson and six persons nominated by the local body, of whom one third are women and not less than 18% are scheduled castes/scheduled tribes.
Functions of BMC:
Prepare, maintain and validate People’s Biodiversity Register (PBR) in consultation with local people. The BMC is to maintain a Register giving information about the details of the avaibility and knowledge of local biological resources, their use or any traditional knowledge, access to biological and traditional knowledge granted, details of the collection of fee imposed and details of the benefits derived and the mode of their sharing.
Advice on any matter referred to it by the State Biodiversity Board or Authority for granting approval, to maintain data about the local vaids and practitioners using the biological resources.
UNEP-GEF Project on “Strengthening the Implementation of the Biological Diversity Act & Rules with Focus on its Access and Benefit Sharing Provisions ”
With Support from United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) are currently implementing the first national project on ABS.
This project is being implemented in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim. The executing organisation includes National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) in collaboration with 5 State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs), UNEP- Division of Environmental Law and Conventions (UNEP/DELC), United Nations University – Institute of Advanced studies (UNU-IAS) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The main components of the project include:
- Identification of biodiversity with potential for ABS and their valuation in selected ecosystems such as forest, agriculture and wetlands.
- Development of tools, methodologies, guidelines, frameworks for implementing ABS provisions of the Biological Diversity Act.
- Piloting agreements on ABS
- Implementation of policy and regulatory frameworks relating to BAS provisions at national level and thereby contribute to international ABS policy issues.
- Capacity building for strengthening implementation of the ABS provisions of the Biological Diversity Act.
Increase public awareness and education programmes.
Expected Outcomes of the project
Enhanced the understanding of economic value of biological diversity for improved policy making and implementation of conservation, sustainable use and determining the ABS provisions under the Act.
Tools, methodologies, guidelines, frameworks inter alia, on Prior Informed Consent (PIC), Mutually Agreed Terms (MAT), Material Transfer Agreements (MTA), Benefit Sharing agreements developed to strengthen the implementation of the ABS provisions of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
Five international ABS agreements and 20 national agreements prepared and access provided as per the Biological Diversity Act, 2002
Links to ongoing policy and regulatory frameworks on conservation, sustainable use and ABS issues identified at inter-sectoral and inter-ministerial levels. Establishment and strengthening of Biodiversity fund at national, state and local levels.
Strengthening State Biodiversity Boards and Biodiversity Management Committees to identify and develop innovative financing mechanism for implementation of the Act through training programmes on related to ABS.
Public awareness and participation programmes developed with focus on ABS and local awareness material including films, best practices and support programmes.
Launching of UNEP-GEF Project in Gujarat
Gujarat Biodiversity Board, Gandhinagar and National Biodiversity Authority, Chennai have jointly launched UNEP-GEF-Biodiversity Project on ‘Strengthening Implementation of Biological Diversity Act and Rules with Focus on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) Provisions’ on Tuesday, the 7th February, 2012 at Gandhinagar. The Project launching declaration was done by Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Development, Forests & Environment Department, Government of Gujarat, Shri Mangubhai Patel. He emphasised the potential and need of conservation of Biodiversity of Gujarat in different Eco-systems and Agro-climatic Zones. He further focused on need of development and benefit sharing of Biological Resources for the betterment of the local people and the environment.
The guest of honour Dr. Balakrishna Pisupati, Chairman, National Biodiversity Authority, Chennai gave a detail account of Biodiversity conventions and its policy framework at International level. He is the authority in the field of Biodiversity and sustainable development, Biodiversity and laws, Bio-diplomacy and Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) at International level. He has been instrumental in getting this project to the 5 states of India namely Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal on the pilot basis to set the guidelines, manuals and standards for the Implementation of the provisions of Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
He is the National Project Director of this Project and is also coordinating Cop-11 going to be held in October, 2012 at Hyderabad in India in which 193 member nations are participating. Shri B.N. Srivastava, IFS, Principal Chief Conservator of Forests & Chairman, Gujarat Biodiversity Board, Gandhinagar presented the details of Convention on Biological Diversity, UNEP-GEF Project and elaborated about BMC Formation, PBR Preparation, BHS declaration, implementation of the Biological Diversity Act, implementation of the new project on Access and Benefit Sharing and activities & outcomes of the Project. Shri Pradeep Khanna, IFS, PCCF & HoFF, spoke about the need of conservation & development of Biodiversity in Gujarat State and the achievements like Gir lion conservation, various forest types and species protection and development.
Dr. A.P. Singh, IFS, Member Secretary, Gujarat Biodiversity Board, welcomed the guests, delegates and gave the brief account of the project and an unique Biodiversity of Gujarat like Keshar Mango, Ishabgul, Jeera, Gugal, Kuchchhi Khajur, Banni grassland, Banni Buffalo, Gir Lion, Wild Ass, Gir & Kankarej Cow, Kathiyawadi Horse, Jafrabadi and Mehsani buffalo, Dangi Cow etc. which are the pride of Gujarat need conservation and development. Shri B.J. Nayak, DCF, Gujarat Biodiversity Board proposed vote of thanks. The programme was attended approximately by 250 officers of Forests, Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries Departments, Universities, Scientists, Science Colleges, NGOs, Sarpanches of village panchayats, Chairman and Members of Biodiversity Management Committees from different districts.
An exhibition was also arranged at the venue site of launching the project. The exhibition depicted various ecosystems, forest type, species diversity and matter relating to the implementation of the Act. A Brochure was prepared for this event in both English & Gujarati. Participants were given literature on Biological Diversity Act & Rules and brief of the new project. Utilization Certificate of the funds of Rs. One Lakh received for launching this project has also been submitted to NBA vide this office letter no. GBB/UNEP-GEF/86/784/2011-12 dated 22/03/2012.
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